Welcoming Mindfulness


What is Depression?

Depression is a common and serious mental health disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It can cause persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness, as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue, changes in appetite, and difficulty sleeping.

Depression can be caused by a range of factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, life events, and environmental factors. It is often treated with a combination of therapy and medication, although the specific approach may vary depending on the individual’s needs and preferences.

Psychotherapy, or talk therapy, is a common approach to treating depression. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a specific type of therapy that is often used to treat depression. It involves identifying and challenging negative thought patterns and developing more positive and adaptive ways of thinking. Other types of therapy that may be used include interpersonal therapy, which focuses on improving social relationships, and psychodynamic therapy, which focuses on exploring unconscious emotions and experiences.

In addition to therapy and medication, lifestyle changes such as exercise, healthy eating, and stress management techniques can also be effective in treating depression.

What causes Depression?

  1. Genetics: Depression can run in families, indicating a possible genetic component.
  2. Brain chemistry: Imbalances in brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine can contribute to depression.
  3. Environmental factors: Stressful life events, trauma, abuse, and other environmental factors can trigger depression.
  4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as thyroid disorders, heart disease, or chronic pain can cause symptoms of depression.
  5. Substance abuse: Alcohol and drug abuse can trigger depression symptoms and increase the risk of developing depression.
  6. Personality and temperament: Certain personality traits, such as being highly sensitive or prone to negative thinking, can increase the risk of developing depression.
  7. Cognitive factors: Negative thought patterns, irrational beliefs, and distorted thinking can contribute to depression.


It’s important to note that depression can have a complex interplay of multiple factors, and the causes can be different for each individual. A mental health professional can work with individuals to identify the underlying causes of their depression and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Signs and Symptoms

Depression is a mental health disorder that affects mood, thoughts, and behaviour. Some common signs and symptoms of depression include:

  1. Persistent sadness or low mood: Individuals with depression may feel sad or down most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks.
  2. Loss of interest or pleasure: Individuals with depression may lose interest in activities they previously enjoyed, including hobbies, socializing, and sex.
  3. Changes in appetite or weight: Depression can cause significant changes in appetite or weight, including overeating or loss of appetite.
  4. Sleep disturbances: Depression can cause changes in sleep patterns, including insomnia or oversleeping.
  5. Fatigue or loss of energy: Individuals with depression may feel tired or lack energy, even after a full night’s sleep.
  6. Feelings of worthlessness or feelings towards guilt: Individuals with depression may experience negative thoughts about themselves, feeling guilty or worthless.
  7. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions: Depression can make it difficult to concentrate, remember details, or make decisions.
  8. Physical symptoms: Depression can cause physical symptoms such as headaches, stomach-aches, or other pain that does not respond to treatment.
  9. Suicidal thoughts or behaviours: In severe cases, individuals with depression may have thoughts of suicide or engage in self-harm behaviours.

It’s important to note that not everyone with depression will experience all of these symptoms, and symptoms may vary in intensity and frequency. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of depression that are interfering with daily life, it may be helpful to seek professional support to develop strategies to manage depression and improve overall well-being.

Disclaimer: It’s important to seek professional help if you are experiencing symptoms of depression. A mental health professional can help you develop a personalized treatment plan and provide the support and resources you need to manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

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