Welcoming Mindfulness

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can affect both children and adults. It is characterized by a persistent pattern of distraction and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that impedes ones daily performance and development.

The symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three categories:

  1. Inattention: This includes symptoms such as difficulty focusing, easily distracted, forgetfulness, difficulty following instructions, and often losing things.
  2. Hyperactivity: This includes symptoms such as fidgeting, restlessness, difficulty sitting still, excessive talking, and interrupting others.
  3. Impulsivity: This includes symptoms such as acting without thinking, difficulty waiting for one’s turn, and engaging in risky behaviours.

ADHD can have a significant impact on many areas of life, including academic and work performance, relationships, and daily activities. It is important to note that not everyone with ADHD experiences all of these symptoms, and the severity of symptoms can vary.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of ADHD, it may be helpful to speak with a mental health professional or a healthcare provider for evaluation and treatment options.

ADHD counselling can be an effective treatment option for individuals who are struggling with symptoms of ADHD.

What causes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

The exact cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not fully understood. However, research suggests that genetics, brain structure and function, and environmental factors may play a role.

  1. Genetics: ADHD tends to run in families, which suggests that genetics may play a role in its development. Studies have identified a number of genes that may be associated with ADHD.
  2. Brain structure and function: Research has shown that individuals with ADHD may have differences in the size and activity of certain parts of the brain that are responsible for attention, focus, and impulse control.
  3. Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors may increase the risk of developing ADHD, such as exposure to lead during early childhood, low birth weight, premature birth, and prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco.

Other factors: Other factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include brain injury, infections, and other medical conditions. Additionally, certain medications, such as some antidepressants and antipsychotics, can cause symptoms similar to ADHD.

Signs and Symptoms

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can affect both children and adults. Here are some common signs and symptoms of ADHD:

  1. Inattention: People with ADHD may have difficulty sustaining attention, becoming easily distracted or forgetful, and making careless mistakes.
  2. Hyperactivity: People with ADHD may be hyperactive, fidgety, and have difficulty sitting still.
  3. Impulsivity: People with ADHD may act impulsively, without thinking through the consequences of their actions. They may interrupt others or blurt out inappropriate comments.
  4. Poor time management: People with ADHD may struggle with time management, frequently running late or missing deadlines.
  5. Forgetfulness: People with ADHD may forget appointments, tasks, or other important information.
  6. Difficulty completing tasks: People with ADHD may have difficulty completing tasks, particularly those that require sustained attention or effort.
  7. Disorganization: People with ADHD may be disorganized, frequently losing or misplacing items and struggling to maintain a tidy workspace.
  8. Poor academic or work performance: People with ADHD may struggle academically or professionally, frequently receiving negative feedback for their performance.

It’s important to note that not everyone with ADHD experiences all of these symptoms, and that the severity of symptoms can vary

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